1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE STUDY
1.3 OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
1.4 FORMULATION OF HYPOTHESIS
1.5 SCOPE AND DELIMITATION OF THE STUDY
1.6 SIGNIFICANCE OF HTESTUDY
1.7 LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
1.8 DEFINITION OF TERMS
REVIEW OFRELATED LITERATURE
2.1 NATURE AND SCOPE OF ACCOUNTING
2.2 QUALIFICATION OF AN ACCOUNTING
2.3 QUALIFICAITON OF ACCOUNTING AND CONTROL
2.4 THE FUNCITONAL ROLE OF AN ACCOUNTING
2.5 UNDERSTANDING PRACTICAL AUDITING AND
2.6 THE POVERTY ERADICATION PROGRAMME OF THE
1.1 SOURCE OF DATA
1.2 RESEARCH ISNTRUMENT
1.3 POPULATION OF STUDY
1.4 SAMPLE TECHNIQUE
1.5 DETERMINATION OF SAMPLE SIZE
1.6 VALIDATION OF ISNTRUMENT
1.7 METHOD OF QUESTIONNAIRE DISTRIBUTION
1.8 TEST STATISTICS
DATA PRESENTAITON ANALYSIS AND
4.1 DATA PRESENTATION ANALYSIS AND INTERPREATION
4.2 TEST OF HYPOTHESIS
5.1 SUMMARY OF FINDINGS
5.4 SUGGESTION FOR FURTHER STUDIES
The need to develop micro economic activities that could enhance
self-reliance as a strategy for reducing poverty becomes so pronounced
that the three arms of government (Federal, state and local government)
come up with various initiatives. Among these were programs and
policies that aimed at:
– Stimulating economics growth through the engagement, of semi-
skilled and unskilled labour in production activities
– Immediate reduction of social vices and tension in the society by
removing idle handle from the streets
– Engage the unemployed indirect activities as a veritable means of
re-floating the economy.
– Improve of the environmental degradation
– Minimize rural or urban drift through the improvement of rural
– Committing the fund to direct benefit of the participant rather
than on service or overheads
– To achieve these more machinery, accountability, honesty must
be put in motion with competent, professional from various field
of endeavour rammes, and policies.
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Among the major problems that have plagued the socio-political
and economic life of developing nations are gross unemployment of her
learning population and poverty. Among these nations includes our
country Nigeria. Poverty is pervasive. About 60% of Nigeria live
below the poverty line. Available statistics shows that only fifty percent
of the population, have access to safe water. About thirty-eight percent
of the population do not have access to primary health care whole most
Nigeria, consume less than one third of the minimum required protein
and vitamins in-take due to low purchasing power.
These incidence were compounded by over two decades of
political instability, macro economic, policy inconsistencies low
capacity utilization, in industries and the massive turn out of school
levers and graduates by institution of higher learning.
This is to say that despite these, for three decades after
independence, unemployment and poverty, were not a national, state or
local concern in Nigeria as it is today.
However, on inception of office in May, 1999, the Obasanjo
administration tool upon itself the major task of redressing the twin
problem of poverty ad employment generation therefore, the
government with a high sense of commitment earmarked the sum of
N100 billion for the creation of 200,000 jobs in the year government
desire to eradicate poverty was born out of the conviction that the
incidence of poverty and unemployment have assumed dimension that is
socially economically and political unacceptable. to this end therefore,
all hands must be deck including not only the three tiers of government
but also professional, bodies and competent individuals among these
includes the roles of he accountant.
Poverty is also one of he most serious problems, confronting
Nigeria today. It is generally associated, with conditions under which
people lives. It is usually defined in either absolute or relative terms.
Absolute poverty denotes a condition in which person or group of
people are unable to satisfy their most basic and elementary requirement
of human survival in terms of good nutrient, clothing shelter, footwear,
energy transport, health education and recreation. It is generally
believed that absolute poverty can be eradicated and that is the target
aimed in this blue print.
Statistical data available indicate that b.
Statistical data available indicate that by 1960 the poverty level in
Nigeria cover about 15% of the population and by 1980. It grow to
twenty eight percent and letter decreased to fourty-three percent in 1992.
By 1996 the federal office of statistics estimated the poverty level in
Nigeria at about sixty-six percent. According to the united nations
report (1999), Nigerians Human development index (H.DI) was only
0.416 which places the country among the twenty-five poorest nation in
hewoprl. Furthermore, Nigerians literacy rate was forty four percent
and seventy percent of the rural population do not have access to potable
water, health care facilities and electricity. This document filled
national poverty eradication porogrmme (NPTP), provides strategies, for
the eradication of absolute poverty in Nigeria, through the streamlining
and rationalization, of existing poverty alleviation institutions and co-
ordinated implementation and monitoring or relevant schemes and
programmes tall levels as of government.
In view of the fact that poverty in Nigeria is widespread and
multi-dimensional the federal government seeks to ensure that all
activities and programmes of the line ministries and agencies are
effectively co-ordinated. In addition, government also seeks to ensure
policy continuity, existence of appropriate institutional, framework and
sustainability of all the programmes.
Notwithstanding, government established the national poverty
eradication council (NAPEC) to co-ordinate the poverty reduction
related activities of all the revelation ministries, paratastalas and
agencies. (NEPEC) is mandated to ensure that the wide ranges of
activities are centrally planned co-ordinated and complement one so that
the objective of policy continuity and sustainability are achieved.
NAPEC is aimed at providing for training opportunities, skills
acquisition employment opportunities wealth creation through enhanced
income generation, improved social status and rural development it is
primarily aimed at economically empowering, the youth and shell
emphasis capacity acquisition programmes (CAP) and mandatory
attachment programme (NAP).
Under the mandatory attachment programmes existing companies,
business, construction firms research institutes tertiary institutions,
schools and colleges, medical develivery services provides (Hospital,
clinics and health centres) whether in public or private sector shall
provide skills acquisition, job opportunities to youths and others that
have undergone the relevant training.