1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Energy plays vital role for development in all sectors. With depletion of fossil fuels
used for power generation and increase in demand for power, the gap between
supply and demand is becoming more. Renewable energy sources can only provide
solution to face this energy crisis. Out of renewable energy options, solar energy is
the most potential source for all tropical countries. Sun radiates 180 billion MW of
energy over Earth Just one hour of this energy could meet power needs of entire
planet for a year. India receives 5000 Trillion KWhrs of energy from SUN per annum.
This energy is clean, pollution free and inexhaustible and is available free and in
abundance. Basically the components involved in solar system are PV panel, DC-DC
Converter, Battery, Inverter.