1.1 Background of Study
Food production in Nigeria has not kept pace with its population growth, because the
population is growing at about 3.2% per annum while food production is at about 2.0%
(National Bureau of Statistics, [NBS] 2011). The differences between the rate of food
production and population growth has led to a food demand supply gap thus leading to a
widening gap between domestic food production and total requirement, an increase resort to
food importation and high rate of increase in food prices and as a result, wide spread hunger
and malnutrition are evident in the country (Ojo, 2003).